Cabbage is one of the most popular winter vegetables grown in India. It is cultivated in 0.245 M ha with the total production of 5.617 M mt and average productivity of 22.9 mt/ha. The major cabbage producing states are Uttar Pradesh, Orissa, Bihar, Assam, West Bengal, Maharashtra and Karnataka. Among these states West Bengal contributes 1.929 M mt of cabbage from 65,000 ha area with an average productivity of 29.6 mt/ha. Cabbage is used as salad, boiled vegetable and dehydrated vegetable as well as in cooked curries and pickles. Cabbage is rich in minerals and vitamins A, B1, B2 and C.
Cabbage (Brassica oleracea L. var. capitata) belongs to the family Cruciferae. Advance technology in cabbage production utilizes hybrid verities like Green express, Green Boy and other verities are Pusa Mukta, Pride of India, Pusa Drum Head, Hari Ram Gole etc.
Generally farmers grow locally available varieties and adopt check basin or furrow method of irrigation. Standard practices of nutrient and plant protection measures are rarely adopted.