Mango (Mangifera indica Linn) is the most important fruit of India and is known as “King of fruits”.
Description of commercially grown varieties
There are near about 30 varieties of mangoes which are grown commercially. Some of the most important varieties have been listed below in the table. Shows the varietal characteristics of commercially grown mangoes.
|Alphonso||Medium||Sweet, characteristic aroma||Fibreless, soft||Orange yellow||March-May|
|Bengal Pali||Large||Sweet, delightful flavour||Firm to meaty,fibreless||Golden yellow||Mid april-june|
|Dashehari||Small and large||Very sweet||Fibreless, juicy||Yellowish green to yellow||June â€“mid july|
|Bombay green||Medium||Very sweet||Fibreless,juicy||Green pale yellow||May-june|
|Langra||Medium||Sweet, strong aroma||Low fibre, moderate juicy||Thin green to lettuce yellow||June-mid august|
|Malda||Large||Sweet, pleasant flavour||Fibreless, moderate juicy||Primuline yellow||June- mid august|
|Chausa||Large||Sweet, pleasant flavour||Fibreless, moderate juicy||Light yellow||June- mid august|
|Mallika||Large||Sweet||Firm fibreless, excellent sugar acid content||Golden yellow||June-mid july|
|Kesar||Medium||Sweet, pleasant aroma||Fibreless||Golden yellow with red blushes on shoulder||May-june|